3. MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 Graphic Conventions.
Graphic conventions are shown
in Table 1. Dimensions that are not marked minimum or maximum are absolute,
unless otherwise indicated in the text or captions.
Table 1 - Graphic
3.2 Dimensional Tolerances.
All dimensions are subject to conventional building industry tolerances
for field conditions.
3.3 Notes. The text
of these guidelines does not contain notes or footnotes. Additional information,
explanations, and advisory materials are located in the Appendix.
3.4 General Terminology.
comply with. Meet one
or more specifications of these guidelines.
if, if ... then. Denotes
a specification that applies only when the conditions described are present.
may. Denotes an option
shall. Denotes a mandatory
specification or requirement.
should. Denotes an advisory
specification or recommendation.
- Access Aisle.
- An accessible pedestrian
space between elements, such as parking spaces, seating, and desks,
that provides clearances appropriate for use of the elements.
- Describes a site, building,
facility, or portion thereof that complies with these guidelines.
- Accessible Element.
- An element specified by these
guidelines (for example, telephone, controls, and the like).
- Accessible Route.
- A continuous unobstructed
path connecting all accessible elements and spaces of a building or
facility. Interior accessible routes may include corridors, floors, ramps,
elevators, lifts, and clear floor space at fixtures. Exterior accessible
routes may include parking access aisles, curb ramps, crosswalks at vehicular
ways, walks, ramps, and lifts.
- Accessible Space.
- Space that complies with
- The ability of certain building
spaces and elements, such as kitchen counters, sinks, and grab bars,
to be added or altered so as to accommodate the needs of individuals with
or without disabilities or to accommodate the needs of persons with
different types or degrees of disability.
- An expansion, extension,
or increase in the gross floor area of a building or facility.
- Administrative Authority.
- A governmental agency that
adopts or enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction,
or alteration of buildings and facilities.
- An alteration is a change
to a building or facility that affects or could affect the usability
of the building or facility or part thereof. Alterations include, but are
not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction,
historic restoration, resurfacing of circulation paths or vehicular ways,
changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes
or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height
partitions. Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering,
or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless
they affect the usability of the building or facility.
- Amusement Attraction.
- Any facility, or portion
of a facility, located within an amusement park or theme park which provides
amusement without the use of an amusement device. Examples include, but
are not limited to, fun houses, barrels, and other attractions without seats.
- Amusement Ride.
- A system that moves persons
through a fixed course within a defined area for the purpose of amusement.
- Amusement Ride Seat.
- A seat that is built-in or
mechanically fastened to an amusement ride intended to be occupied by one
or more passengers.
- Area of Rescue Assistance.
- An area, which has direct
access to an exit, where people who are unable to use stairs may remain
temporarily in safety to await further instructions or assistance during
- Area of Sport Activity.
- That portion of a room or
space where the play or practice of a sport occurs.
- Assembly Area.
- A room or space accommodating
a group of individuals for recreational, educational, political, social,
civic, or amusement purposes, or for the consumption of food and drink.
- Automatic Door.
- A door equipped with a power-operated
mechanism and controls that open and close the door automatically upon
receipt of a momentary actuating signal. The switch that begins
the automatic cycle may be a photoelectric device, floor mat, or manual
switch (see power-assisted
- Boarding Pier.
- A portion of a pier where
a boat is temporarily secured for the purpose of embarking or disembarking.
- Boat Launch Ramp.
- A sloped surface designed
for launching and retrieving trailered boats and other water craft to and
from a body of water.
- Boat Slip.
- That portion of a pier, main
pier, finger pier, or float where a boat is moored for the purpose of berthing,
embarking, or disembarking.
- Any structure used and intended
for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.
- Catch Pool.
- A pool or designated section
of a pool used as a terminus for water slide flumes.
- Circulation Path.
- An exterior or interior way
of passage from one place to another for pedestrians, including, but
not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, stairways, and stair landings.
- Clear Floor Space.
- The minimum unobstructed
floor or ground space required to accommodate a single, stationary wheelchair
- Closed Circuit Telephone.
- A telephone with dedicated
line(s) such as a house phone, courtesy phone or phone that must be
used to gain entrance to a facility.
- Common Use.
- Refers to those interior
and exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that are made available for
the use of a restricted group of people (for example, occupants of a homeless
shelter, the occupants of an office building, or the guests of such
- Cross Slope.
- The slope that is perpendicular
to the direction of travel (see running
- Curb Ramp.
- A short ramp cutting through
a curb or built up to it.
- Detectable Warning.
- A standardized surface feature
built in or applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn visually
impaired people of hazards on a circulation path.
- Dwelling Unit.
- A single unit which provides
a kitchen or food preparation area, in addition to rooms and spaces
for living, bathing, sleeping, and the like. Dwelling units include a single
family home or a townhouse used as a transient group home; an apartment
building used as a shelter; guestrooms in a hotel that provide sleeping
accommodations and food preparation areas; and other similar facilities
used on a transient basis. For purposes of these guidelines, use of
the term "Dwelling Unit" does not imply the unit is used as a residence.
- Egress, Means of.
- A continuous and unobstructed
way of exit travel from any point in a building or facility to a public
way. A means of egress comprises vertical and horizontal travel and
may include intervening room spaces, doorways, hallways, corridors, passageways,
balconies, ramps, stairs, enclosures, lobbies, horizontal exits, courts
and yards. An accessible means of egress is one that complies with these
guidelines and does not include stairs, steps, or escalators. Areas
of rescue assistance or evacuation elevators may be included as part
of accessible means of egress.
- An architectural or mechanical
component of a building, facility, space, or site, e.g., telephone,
curb ramp, door, drinking fountain, seating, or water closet.
- Elevated Play Component.
- A play component that is
approached above or below grade and that is part of a composite play structure
consisting of two or more play components attached or functionally linked
to create an integrated unit providing more than one play activity.
- Any access point to a building
or portion of a building or facility used for the purpose of entering.
An entrance includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the
entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibules if provided,
the entry door(s) or gate(s), and the hardware of the entry door(s)
- All or any portion of buildings,
structures, site improvements, complexes, equipment, roads, walks, passageways,
parking lots, or other real or personal property located on a site.
- A variable-sloped pedestrian
walkway that links a fixed structure or land with a floating structure.
Gangways which connect to vessels are not included.
- Golf Car Passage.
- A continuous passage on which
a motorized golf car can operate.
- Ground Floor.
- Any occupiable floor less
than one story above or below grade with direct access to grade. A building
or facility always has at least one ground floor and may have more than
one ground floor as where a split level entrance has been provided or
where a building is built into a hillside.
- Ground Level Play Component.
- A play component that is
approached and exited at the ground level.
- Mezzanine or Mezzanine
- That portion of a story which
is an intermediate floor level placed within the story and having occupiable
space above and below its floor.
- Marked Crossing.
- A crosswalk or other identified
path intended for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.
- Multifamily Dwelling.
- Any building containing more
than two dwelling units.
- A room or enclosed space
designed for human occupancy in which individuals congregate for amusement,
educational or similar purposes, or in which occupants are engaged at
labor, and which is equipped with means of egress, light, and ventilation.
- Operable Part.
- A part of a piece of equipment
or appliance used to insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate,
or adjust the equipment or appliance (for example, coin slot, pushbutton,
- Path of Travel.
- Play Area.
- A portion of a site containing
play components designed and constructed for children.
- Play Component.
- An element intended to generate
specific opportunities for play, socialization, or learning. Play components
may be manufactured or natural, and may be stand alone or part of a composite
- Power-assisted Door.
- A door used for human passage
with a mechanism that helps to open the door, or relieves the opening
resistance of a door, upon the activation of a switch or a continued force
applied to the door itself.
- Private Facility.
- A place of public accommodation
or a commercial facility subject to title III of the ADA and 28 C.F.R.
part 36 or a transportation facility subject to title III of the ADA and
49 C.F.R. 37.45.
- Public Facility.
- A facility or portion of
a facility constructed by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public
entity subject to title II of the ADA and 28 C.F.R. part 35 or to title II
of the ADA and 49 C.F.R. 37.41 or 37.43.
- Public Use.
- Describes interior or exterior
rooms or spaces that are made available to the general public. Public
use may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly
- A walking surface which has
a running slope greater than 1:20.
- Running Slope.
- The slope that is parallel
to the direction of travel (see cross slope).
- Service Entrance.
- An entrance intended primarily
for delivery of goods or services.
- Displayed verbal, symbolic,
tactile, and pictorial information.
- A parcel of land bounded
by a property line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.
- Site Improvement.
- Landscaping, paving for pedestrian
and vehicular ways, outdoor lighting, recreational facilities, and the
like, added to a site.
- Sleeping Accommodations.
- Rooms in which people sleep;
for example, dormitory and hotel or motel guest rooms or suites.
- Soft Contained Play Structure.
- A play structure made up
of one or more components where the user enters a fully enclosed play environment
that utilizes pliable materials (e.g., plastic, netting, fabric).
- A definable area, e.g., room,
toilet room, hall, assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard,
- That portion of a building
included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the
floor or roof next above. If such portion of a building does not include
occupiable space, it is not considered a story for purposes of these
guidelines. There may be more than one floor level within a story as
in the case of a mezzanine or mezzanines.
- Structural Frame.
- The structural frame shall
be considered to be the columns and the girders, beams, trusses and
spandrels having direct connections to the columns and all other members
which are essential to the stability of the building as a whole.
- TDD (Telecommunication
Devices for the Deaf).
- See text telephone.
- TTY (Tele-Typewriter).
- See text telephone.
- Describes an object that
can be perceived using the sense of touch.
- Technically Infeasible.
- See 4.1.6(1)(j) EXCEPTION.
- Teeing Ground.
- In golf, the starting
place for the hole to be played.
- Text Telephone (TTY).
- Machinery or equipment that
employs interactive text based communications through the transmission
of coded signals across the standard telephone network. Text telephones
can include, for example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display
devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers
with special modems. Text telephones are also called TTYs, an abbreviation
- Transfer Device.
- Equipment designed to facilitate
the transfer of a person from a wheelchair or other mobility device to
and from an amusement ride seat.
- Transient Lodging.*
- A building, facility, or
portion thereof, excluding inpatient medical care facilities and residential
facilities, that contains sleeping accommodations. Transient lodging may
include, but is not limited to, resorts, group homes, hotels, motels,
and dormitories. Appendix
- Transition Plate.
- A sloping pedestrian
walking surface located at the end(s) of a gangway.
- Use Zone.
- The ground level area beneath
and immediately adjacent to a play structure or equipment that is designated
F 1487 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground
Equipment for Public Use (incorporated by reference, see 2.3.2 ) for unrestricted circulation around
the equipment and on whose surface it is predicted that a user would land
when falling from or exiting the equipment.
- Vehicular Way.
- A route intended for vehicular
traffic, such as a street, driveway, or parking lot.
- An exterior pathway with
a prepared surface intended for pedestrian use, including general pedestrian
areas such as plazas and courts.
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