[Code of Federal Regulations] [Title 29, Volume 4, Parts 900 to 1899] [Revised as of July 1, 2020] From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access [CITE: 29CFR1630.15] [Page 347-348] TITLE 29--LABOR COMMISSION PART 1630--REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT THE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT PROVISIONS OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT--Table of Contents Sec. 1630.15 Defenses. Defenses to an allegation of discrimination under this part may include, but are not limited to, the following: (a) Disparate treatment charges. It may be a defense to a charge of disparate treatment brought under Secs. 1630.4 through 1630.8 and 1630.11 through 1630.12 that the challenged action is justified by a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason. [[Page 348]] (b) Charges of discriminatory application of selection criteria--(1) In general. It may be a defense to a charge of discrimination, as described in Sec. 1630.10, that an alleged application of qualification standards, tests, or selection criteria that screens out or tends to screen out or otherwise denies a job or benefit to an individual with a disability has been shown to be job-related and consistent with business necessity, and such performance cannot be accomplished with reasonable accommodation, as required in this part. (2) Direct threat as a qualification standard. The term ``qualification standard'' may include a requirement that an individual shall not pose a direct threat to the health or safety of the individual or others in the workplace. (See Sec. 1630.2(r) defining direct threat.) (c) Other disparate impact charges. It may be a defense to a charge of discrimination brought under this part that a uniformly applied standard, criterion, or policy has a disparate impact on an individual with a disability or a class of individuals with disabilities that the challenged standard, criterion or policy has been shown to be job- related and consistent with business necessity, and such performance cannot be accomplished with reasonable accommodation, as required in this part. (d) Charges of not making reasonable accommodation. It may be a defense to a charge of discrimination, as described in Sec. 1630.9, that a requested or necessary accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the covered entity's business. (e) Conflict with other Federal laws. It may be a defense to a charge of discrimination under this part that a challenged action is required or necessitated by another Federal law or regulation, or that another Federal law or regulation prohibits an action (including the provision of a particular reasonable accommodation) that would otherwise be required by this part. (f) Additional defenses. It may be a defense to a charge of discrimination under this part that the alleged discriminatory action is specifically permitted by Sec. 1630.14 or Sec. 1630.16.